Republique de Madagascar
Short Form: Madagascar
Int’l Long Form: Republic of Madagascar
Former: Malagasy Republic
Local Time = East African Time (UTC +3h)
Country Calling Code: +261
Capital City: Antananarivo (Tananarive)
|Government:Type: RepublicIndependence: 26 June 1960 (from France)Geography:Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique.Area: 587,040 km² (226,658 sq mil).Terrain: Mountainous central plateau, coastal plain.Climate: tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south, periodic cyclones.People:Nationality: MalagasyPopulation: 20.7 million (2011)Ethnic Groups: 18 separate tribal groups of Malayo-Indonesian, mixed African and Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry, French, Indian
Religions: Indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%.
Languages: Malagasy (of Malayo-Polynesian origin), French
Natural resources: Graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, salt, quartz, tar sands, precious and semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower.
Agriculture products: Coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), beans, bananas, peanuts; livestock products.